What litter tray to chose?

      Cat litter trays are available in various forms and colours, with or without a protective cover, some even with a hatch. But in the end, your cat is the one that will decide what's best.

      The ideal litter tray and what it looks like

      The ideal tray is big enough for your cat to freely move around and perform 360° turns. To ensure kittens and senior cats can easily get in and out, the edges should not be higher than 15 cm.

      Cats value discretion

      As for the location of the litter tray, cats mostly prefer a "quiet place". Therefore, you should select a discreet, undisturbed place - as far away from the feeding area as possible.

      How many litter trays?

      Cats are reluctant to share their litter tray with other cats. Therefore, it is recommended to set up at least one tray per cat. A good rule of thumb is to start with one per cat plus one spare. As kittens, like children, tend to forget their "needs" whilst playing, you might consider to have a separate (smaller) litter tray in each room accessible to the kitten - just in case nature suddenly calls...

      Not only for indoor cats

      Even if your cat has access to the outside world (cat flap) you might want to provide a litter tray in the house anyway - so your cat has the choice where to go. You never know – the neighbour's dog or the unexpected rain shower might prevent the urgent stroll to the garden.

      How unpleasant odours develop

      It's not necessarily the urine itself which is responsible for a bad smell (exception: marking scents in the urine of intact tomcats), but bacterial action taking place in the litter tray. Bacteria in the tray come from many sources - from the air, from dirt on the cat's paws or from the faeces. When they start to metabolize the urea contained in the urine the result is ammonia – which smells equally annoying to humans and cats. Our feline friends have a highly developed sense of smell and can detect odours humans hardly perceive.

      Which litter for my cat?

      The choice of the right cat litter is at least as important as the choice of the tray and its place. When choosing your brand of cat litter you should aim for quick and complete absorption of liquids and odours - either in stable clumps (clumping litters) or within the sponge-like granules (non-clumping litters). Additionally the litter should be soft to the sensitive paws of your cat and show low dust development during filling/emptying of the tray and during the digging/scratching of your cat. A white colour of the litter may help in detecting changes in the cat's urine, e.g. blood in the urine as a symptom of kidney/urinary tract diseases.

      How much litter is needed?

      The cat litter tray always needs to be filled with a sufficient amount of litter to stop urine from reaching the bottom of the litter tray. This would lead to wet patches annoying your cat and would result in increased odour development. Especially clumping litters tend to stick like concrete to the tray bottom when the filling height is insufficient, making it impossible to remove the clumps. Most brands state the recommended filling height on the packaging - this is a good starting point. Depending on whether your cat is an enthusiastic digger before doing its business (thus lowering the filling height in exactly the area where it counts) you can adjust the filling height accordingly. It's advisable to clean the tray with hot water and a neutral detergent (without bleach, vinegar, acids) and thoroughly dry it before filling it with fresh litter.